The publications found in this section contributed directly to
the work and decisions of a third party. They apply RTI research
and projects to an actual activity.
Literature Review on Innovative Silviculture
and Management Practices Supportive of
( March 2009 by Mark Swanson, Hiroo Imaki and Bruce R. Lippke ).
In this literature review we identified over 700 articles following the Washington Forest Landscape
Management Project, (WFLMP), which provided one of the early attempts to understand the implications
of innovative silviculture and landscape management on conservation values. We enumerate many of the
alternative treatments and important elements starting with the WFLMP while noting the several research
pathways that developed from that work. We do not attempt to highlight the impact of each referenced
article but follow the several directions research has taken and rely on the emphasis provided through
several publications and conferences that have attempted to provide a comprehensive summary and
review of the literature.
Jobs, Revenues, and Taxes from Timber Harvest; An Examination of the Forest Industry Contribution to the Washington State Economy
This project creates updated multiplier estimators with which to calculate direct and indirect economic impacts from changes in forest industry activity in Washington State . Surveys and interviews of logging contractors, sawmills, log truckers, paper companies, and state agencies were undertaken and the resulting information was combined with North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) employment data from the United States Census Bureau to create a forest sector transaction matrix of purchases and employment. The unique contributions to employment and state revenues that result from Washington Department of Natural Resources timber sale programs are highlighted.
( September 2007 by C. Larry Mason and Bruce R. Lippke ).
Forest Stewardship Coached Planning in Washington State
Written forest management plans have long been viewed as important tools for building stewardship among family forest owners. Plans are also a way for landowners to clarify and implement practices to meet their management goals. There are three basic types of forest management plans in the state: 1) tax plans, 2) commercial production plans, and 3) stewardship management plans. Forest stewardship management plans, the focus of this paper, contain more detailed information than tax plans and are more oriented to forest ecosystems and multi-resources than commercial plans.
( June 2007 by David M. Baumgartner, Patricia J. Cohn,
Amy Grotta, Andy Perleberg,
Donald P. Hanley,
Arno Bergstrom ).
Templates for Forest Sustainability on the Olympic Experimental State Forest
This paper develops a rigorous statistical assessment process for evaluating old forest attributes and economic viability of management alternatives to test a wide range of biodiversity management pathways towards achievement of DNR management objectives. Alternatives that produced the best integrated results were selected to develop management templates to provide easy-to-use implementation guidelines for forest managers to identify stands and treatments most likely to contribute to desired old forest conditions.
( January 2007 by Bruce R. Lippke, Kevin Zobrist, and Larry Mason).
Landscape Fuel Removal Scenarios: Impacts of Treatment Thinning
Intensity and Implementation Schedules on Fire Hazard Reduction
Effectiveness, Carbon Storage, and Economics.
( June 2006 by Bruce R. Lippke, Jeffrey Comnick,
and Larry Mason).
This paper integrates Life Cycle Inventory
and Assessment research results developed by the Consortium
for Research on Renewable Industrial Materials (CORRIM)
and forest simulation techniques using the Landscape Management
System (LMS) developed at the University of Washington,
along with simulation studies on fire hazard reduction
and avoided costs by the Rural Technology Initiative (RTI)
at the University.
project report to the National Commission on Science for
Forestry (NCSSF): Templates
for Forest Sustainability on Intensively Managed Private
( July 31, 2005 by Kevin W. Zobrist, Thomas M. Hinckley,
Michael G. Andreu, Kevin R. Gehringer, Craig W. Hedman,
Bruce R. Lippke).
Commission on Science for Sustainable Forestry (NCSSF) sponsored the research described in this
report. The National Council on Science and the Environment
(NCSE) conducts the NCSSF program with support from the Doris
Duke Charitable Foundation, the David and Lucile Packard
Foundation, the Surdna Foundation, and the National Forest
Factors Influencing Understory
Douglas-fir Vigor in Multi-Cohort Prairie Colonization Stands
at Fort Lewis, Washington; Report to Fort Lewis Forestry
(June 2005 by Derick Churchill).
Forest stands on Fort Lewis, Washington are being managed
for multiple values under an uneven-age silvicultural system
that relies on natural regeneration. In stands that were
former prairies and have well drained, outwash soils, Douglas-fir
(Pseudotsuga menziesii) is the only understory conifer present
and the principal regeneration species. Managers wanted an
assessment of the vigor of the existing Douglas-fir regeneration
to determine whether it is a viable source for replacement
trees as well as management recommendations to ensure that
the silvicultural system is sustainable.
Cedar Mill Waste Utilization and Disposal in Western Clallam
and Jefferson Counties
( June 2005 by C. Larry Mason, John Calhoun, Bruce Lippke).
This report represents a synthesis of information provided
from many sources including a review of available literature, pertinent
state and federal laws, interviews with individuals, companies, and other
organizations. The goal of this investigation, as requested by the Clallam
County Economic Development Council, has been to identify environmentally
and economically responsible approaches to ensure the viability of this
the shake and shingle industry in western Clallam County. While the geographical
focus of this work has been narrow, it is the belief of the authors that
information contained within the following pages will have broader applicability.
||An Examination of the WA
DNR Timber Sales Program Against a Backdrop of Changing Regional
Infrastructure and a Growing Forest Health Crisis
(April 2005 by C. Larry Mason).
Forest health harvesting activities to remove excess fuel
loads from overstocked stands conducted within DNR forests in eastern Washington
are expected to produce merchantable timber volumes of 25-35 million board
feet Scribner (MMBF) per year for the next 5-7 years. As yet undetermined
volumes of trees too small for most DNR timber purchasers will also be
removed to reduce current fuel loads. Other recent adjustments to the DNR
timber sale program such as the recent recalculation of the annual sustainable
harvest and amendments to the State Habitat Conservation Plan are expected
to result in additional increases of 100 to 150 MMbf in annual timber sales
volumes as compared to recent years. Important to the success of forest
health harvest activities will be the development of effective strategies
for the sale of logs removed.
Working Paper: Economic
Impacts of the Forests and Fish Rules on Small, NIPF Landowners
(Ten Western Washington Case Studies).
(Revise in July 2003 by Kevin Zobrist).
The purpose of this study is to examine
the economic impacts of Washington's FFR on small forest
landowners through a series of case studies. The preliminary
results of three Western Washington case studies have
been presented in Zobrist and Lippke (2003). This paper
presents the final results of these three case studies
and seven additional Western Washington case studies.
A companion study for Eastern Washington is also available
Investigation of Alternative
Strategies for Design, Layout and Administration of Fuel
Removal Projects. (This report was presented to
the Community Assistance and Economic Action Program within
the Multi-Agency National
(June 2003 by Larry Mason, Heather Rogers,
Bruce Lippke, Kevin Ceder, Tom Bloxton, Jeffrey Comnick,
Jim McCarter, Kevin Zobrist).
This report develops analysis components for effective
fire risk reduction strategies to help professionals, publics,
and policy-makers gain a better understanding of the current
circumstances and alternatives.