The Rural Technology Initiative ceased operations in 2011. This site is maintained as an archive of works from RTI collaborators from 2000 to 2011 and is no longer updated. RTI's successor and remaining staff can be found at

Search the RTI Website
Click to go to the Precision Forestry Cooperative website
Click to go to the RTI Home page
Click to go to the About RTI page
Click to go to the RTI Projects page
Click to go to the RTI Publications page
Click to go to the RTI Tools page
Click to go to the RTI Geographic Information Systems page
Click to go to the RTI Streaming Video Directory
Click to go to the RTI Training page
Click to go to the RTI Contacts page
Click to go to the RTI Image Archive
Click to go to the RTI Site Map
Click to go to the RTI Links page

Washington Forest Futures:
Economic Contribution Study

Washington Forest Futures: Economic Contribution Study PDF

A complex mix of forest landowners and the forest products industry has always been important contributors to the Washington state economy, particularly in rural, timber-dependent areas. The role of the forest sector in the state’s economy can be captured in several ways, such as analyzing changing business level measures collected in state statistics and by understanding the linkages between the forest sector and the state’s economy as best characterized by input/output and econometric models. In this study, we will assess the current role of the primary and value-added wood industries in the Washington economy and their relative contributions over time, based on the state’s sector level data, and project their likely contribution in the near future using input from the Timber Supply and Forest Structure Study. CINTRAFOR research has projected an expansion of primary industry investments (Perez-Garcia 2003, 2004). We will link investment potential to future economic contributions and their impact on value-added wood industries and classes of forest landowners. While changes in definitions have compounded the problem of developing statewide economic models, the available data sets provide insights into the changing structure of the forest sector, its disparate owners, and the state’s economy.


Data that will be used to conduct the study:

  • Time series of Washington economic data to develop the best possible links with existing state economic models in consultation with state modelers.
  • Timber Supply and Forest Structure Study results to project future contributions.
  • Gross Business Revenue (GBR), value-added, and employment data from the Department of Revenue from 1980-2004, by industry sector and region of the state.
  • Business trends of the various classes of forestry and wood products sector relative to other major sectors within the Washington economy.
  • Changing business trends with reference to the Competitive Position and Timber Supply studies to identify key factors driving change within specific industry sectors.
  • Economic impact of forest activity across rural and urban regions, for assessing income disparity between timber-dependent and urban communities.

Anticipated Outputs:

  • Description of the role of the forestry and forest products sector and its various ownerships in the economy of Washington.
  • Analysis of the economic contribution of the forest products industry on a regional basis (including timber-dependent regions and communities relative to urban areas).
  • Description of changes over time in key drivers at both the state and county level, using urban and rural distinctions.
  • Projection of the contribution of forestry and logging, primary manufacturing, and secondary manufacturing into the near future.
  • Analysis of regional economic and productivity trends such as wage costs and productivity across stages of processing.
  • Economic impact analysis table (gross product, income, direct and indirect jobs, and taxes) related to forest sector activity levels.
  • Business-as-usual projection for the Washington forest products sector, identifying those factors and policies that constrain investment within the industry.


Contact: Professor Ivan Eastin (206) 543-1918

School of Environmental and Forest Sciences
USDA Forest Service State & Private Forestry
WSU Cooperative Extension
The Rural Technology Home Page is provided by the College of Forest Resources. For more information, please contact the Rural Technology Initiative, University of Washington Box 352100 Seattle, WA 98195, (206) 543-0827. © 2000-2004, University of Washington, Rural Technology Initiative, including all photographs and images unless otherwise noted. To view the privacy policy, click here.
Last Updated 10/13/2022 12:34:09 PM