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Appendix IV

Scientific and Common Names of Commercial Species. Source: (USFS, 1987)                                                                                                                                                                                                                

Standard lumber name
under American Softwood
Lumber Standards                                             Common Tree Name                               Botanical name

                                                                                                                                                                                                               

Cedar

   

            Alaska

Alaska-cedar

Chamaecyparis nootkatensis

            Eastern red

Eastern redcedar

Juniperus virginiana

            Incense

Incense-cedar

Libocedrus decurrens

            Northern white

Northern white-cedar

Thuja occidentalis

            Port Orford

Port-Orford-cedar

Chamaecyparis lawsoniana

            Southern white

Atlantic white-cedar

C. thyoides

            Western red

Western redcedar

Thuja plicata

           

   

Cypress, red (coast type),

   

            yellow (inland type),

   

            white (inland type)

Baldcypress

Taxodium distichum

     

Douglas-fir

Douglas-fir

Pseudotsuga menziesii

Fir

   

            Balsam

Balsam fir

Abies balsamea

 

Fraser fir

A. fraseri

            Noble

Noble fir

A. procera

            White

California red fir

A. magnifica

 

Grand fir

A. gandis

 

Pacific silver fir

A. amabilis

 

Subalpine fir

A. lasiocarpa

 

White fir

A. concolor

Hemlock

   

            Eastern

Eastern Hemlock

Tsuga camademsos

            Mountain

Mountain hemlock

T. mertensiana

            West Coast

Western hemlock

T. heterophylla

            Juniper, western

Alligator juniper

Juniperus deppeana

 

Rocky Mountain juniper

J. scopulorum

 

Utah juniper

J. osteosperma

 

Western juniper

J. occidentalis

     

Larch, western

Western larch

Larix occidentalis

     

Pine

   

            Idaho white

Western white pine

Pinus monticola

            Jack

Jack pine

P. banksiana

            Lodgepole

Lodgepole pine

P. contorta

            Longleaf yellow

Longleaf pine

P. palustris

 

Slash pine

P. elliottii

            Northern white

Eastern white pine

P. strobus

            Norway

Red pine

P. resinosa

            Southern yellow

Longleaf pine

P. palustris

 

Shortleaf pine

P. echinata

 

Loblolly name

P. taeda

 

Slash pine

P. elliottii

 

Pitch pine

P. rigida

 

Virginia pine

P. virginiana

Sugar

Sugar pine

P. lambertiana

     

Redwood

Redwood

Sequoia sempervirens

     

Spruce

   

            Eastern

Black spruce

Picea mariana

 

Red spruce

P. rubens

 

White spruce

P. glauca

            Englemann

Blue spruce

P. pungens

 

Engelmann spruce

P. engelmannii

            Sitka

Sitka spruce

P. sitchensis

     

Tamarack

Tamarack

Larix laricina

Yew, Pacific

Pacific yew

Taxus brevifolia

     

                                                                                                                                                                                                               

Commercial name

for lumber                                                   Common Tree Name                                 Botanical name

                                                                                                                                                                                                               

Alder, red

Red alder

Alnus rubra

Ash

   

            Black

Black ash

Fraxinus nigra

            Oregon

Oregon ash

F. latifolia

            White

Blue ash

F. quadrangulata

 

Green ash

F. pennsylvanica

 

White ash

F. americana

     

Aspen (popple)

Bigtooth aspen

Populus grandidentata

 

Quaking aspen

P. tremuloides

     

Basswood

American basswood

Tilia americana

 

White basswood

T. heterophylla

     

Beech

Beech

Fagus grandifolia

     

Birch

Gray birch

Betula populifolia

 

Paper birch

B. papyrifera

 

River birch

B. nigra

 

Sweet birch

B. lenta

 

Yellow birch

B. alleghaniensis

     

Box elder

Boxelder

Acer negundo

     

Buckeye

Ohio buckeye

Aesculus glabra

 

yellow buckeye

A. octandra

     

Butternut

Butternut

Juglans cinerea

     

Cherry

Black cherry

Prunus serotina

     

Chestnut

Chestnut

Castanea dentata

     

Cottonwood

Balsam poplar

Populus balsamifera

 

Eastern cottonwood

P. deltoides

 

Plains cottonwood

F. sargentii

     

Cucumber

Cucumbertree

Magnolia acuminata

     

Dogwood

Flowering dogwood

Cornus florida

 

Pacific dogwood

C. nuttallii

     

Elm

   

            Rock

Cedar elm

Ulmus crassifolia

 

Rock elm

U. thomasii

 

September elm

U. serotina

 

Winged elm

U. alata

     

            Soft

American elm

U. americana

 

slippery elm

U. rubra

     

Gum

Sweetgum

Liquidambar styraciflua

     

Hackberry

Hackberry

Celtis occidentalis

 

Sugarberry

C. laevigata

     

Hickory

Mockernut hickory

Carya tomentosa

 

Pignut hickory

C. glabra

 

Shagbark hickory

C. ovata

 

Shellbark hickory

C. laciniosa

     

Holly

American holly

Ilex opaca

     

Ironwood

Eastern hophornbeam

Ostrya virginiana

     

Locust

Black locust

Robinia pseudoacacia

 

Honeylocust

Gleditsia triacanthos

     

Madrone

Pacific madrone

Arbutus menziesii

     

Magnolia

Southern magnolia

Magnolia grandiflora

 

Sweetbay

M. virginiana

     

                                                                                                                                                                                                                

Commercial name

for lumber                                                   Common tree name                                     Botanical name                                            

 

Maple

   

            Hard

Black maple

Acer nigrum

 

Sugar maple

A. saccharum

     

            Oregon

Bigleaf maple

A. macrophyllum

     

            Soft

Red maple

A. rubrum

 

Silver maple

A. saccharinum

     

Oak

   

            Red

Black oak

Quercus velutina

 

Blackjack oak

Q. marilandica

 

California black oak

Q. kelloggi

 

Cherrybark oak

Q. falcata var. pagodaefolia

 

Laurel oak

Q. laurifolia

 

Northern pin oak

Q. ellipsoidalis

 

Northern red oak

Q. rubra

 

Nuttall oak

Q. nuttallii

 

Pin oak

Q. palustris

 

Scarlet oak

Q. coccinea

 

Shumard oak

Q. shumardii

 

Southern red oak

Q. falcata

 

Turkey oak

Q. laevis

 

Willow oak

Q. phellos

     

White

Arizona white oak

Q. arizonica

 

Blue oak

Q. douglasii

 

Bur oak

Q. macrocarpa

 

California white oak

Q. lobata

 

Chestnut oak

Q. primus

 

Chinkapin oak

Q. muehlenbergii

 

Emory oak

Q. emoryi

 

Gambel oak

Q. gambelii

 

Mexican blue oak

Q. oblongifolia

 

Live oak

Q. virginiana

 

Oregon white oak

Q. garryana

 

Overcup oak

Q. lyrata

 

Post oak

Q. stellata

 

Swamp chestnut oak

Q. michauxii

 

Swamp white oak

Q. bicolor

 

White oak

Q. alba

     

Oregon myrtle

California-laurel

Umbrellularia californica

     

Osage orange (bois d'arc)

Osage-orange

Maclura pomifera

     

Pecan

Bitternut hickory

Carya cordiformis

 

Nutmeg hickory

C. myristicaeformis

 

Water hickory

C. aquatica

 

Pecan

C. illinoensis

     

Persimmon

Common persimmon

Diospyros virginiana

     

Poplar

Yellow-poplar

Liriodendron tulipifera

     

Sassafras

Sassafras

Sassafras albidum

     

Sycamore

American sycamore

Platanus occidentalis

     

Tupelo

Black tupelo

Nyssa sylvatica

     
 

Ogeechee tupelo

N. ogeche

     
 

Water tupelo

N. aquatic

     

Walnut

Black walnut

Juglans nigra

     

Willow

Black willow

Salix nigra

 

Peachleaf willow

S. amygdaloides

     

                                                                                                                                                                                                                

Common Commercial Groupings of Softwoods                                                                                                        

                                                                                                                                                            

Commercial Group

Species in Combination


Douglas-fir larch

Douglas fir

 

Western larch

   

Hem-fir

Western hemlock, Mountain Hemlock

 

Pacific Silver fir

   

Spruce-pine-fir

White spruce

 

Red spruce

 

Black spruce

 

Engelmann spruce

 

Lodgepole pine

 

Jack pine

 

Alpine fir

 

Balsam fir

   

Western Cedars

Western redcedar

 

Alaska yellow cedar

   
   
 
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Last Updated 2/2/2012 5:37:21 PM